What causes Hair Loss or Hair-Fall?

At one point of time in our lives,most of us deal with hair loss due to various factors. Most of the time it is an underlying health cause which triggers hair fall.It can gradually occur over time or suddenly too.If the signs are ignored,it can lead to permanent hair damage.

What is Hair?

Hair is basically a protein called keratin that is produced in hair follicles. As follicles produce new hair cells, old hair cells are being pushed out through the surface of the skin. The hair you actually see is dead keratin cells. The average adult head has about 100,000 to 150,000 hairs.

What is Hair Loss?

Hair Loss is loss of hair from the scalp .Hair loss is also known as Alopecia.

Does it affect only Men?

The answer is No! It is more common in Men. But it affects Women and Children too.

So how do I know if I am suffering from hair-fall?

It is said on average losing 50-100 hairs in a day is normal.This normally occurs due to friction between hair and comb/hair brush.Beyond this is something not to be neglected.


  • Bald patches.
  • Gradual hair thinning.
  • Sudden hair loss.

Causes of Hair-Fall:

  • Stress.
  • Depression.
  • Hereditary.
  • Iron Deficiency or Anaemia.
  • Vitamin Deficiency.
  • Hormonal Imbalances like ThyroidPCOS.
  • Dandruff.
  • Puberty.
  • Scalp/Skin infections.
  • Poor diet lacking nutrition.
  • Side effects due to certain medicines.
  • Frequent combing/brushing hair.
  • Frequent washing of hair.
  • Hair Coloring/Dyeing.
  • Harsh Shampoos.
  • Ageing.
  • Chemotherapy.

In Women apart from the above causes:

  • Tight ponytails,hair accessories.
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Styling equipments/treatments:Hair Dryers,Straighteners, Curlers,Perming,Rebonding etc.


Depending on the degree of hair loss,you will be advised on complete blood profile consisting of various hormones,Haemoglobin count,Thyroid etc.
Then consult a good dermatologist/trichologist.


  • Nutritional Health Supplements.
  • Balanced Diet.
  • Mild shampoos.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Topical Minoxidil solutions like Alpac,Amexidil etc.
  • Steroid injections.
  • Decrease in of hair coloring,hair treatments and hair styling.
  • Ultraviolet Therapy.
  • Wigs/Hair Pieces.
  • Hair Replacement Therapy.
  • Good hair hygiene.

Final Verdict:

Since I have Hyperthyroidism,I have dealt with the part of hair fall by taking my meds,maintaining good hair hygiene and habits.I always make it a point to condition my hair on a regular basis and avoid harsh styling as much possible.I do not stress over this fact,cause it will just lead to much worse scenario.Nonetheless the do not ignore even the smallest signs and get yourself treated at earliest.

Image Credits:peter.busse@flickr

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